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tv   News  Al Jazeera  December 18, 2015 3:00am-3:31am EST

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o. >> iran's foreign minister says there's still little agreement on peace talks in syria. hello, welcome to al jazeera kym jane dutton in doha. kurdish fighters appeal for more help against the armed group. the u.n. admits its response to sexual abuse in central african republic was seriously flawed. and spy chief warns,
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antimuslim rhetoric could harm national security. nato is planning to send air defenses to turkey ung along the southern borders with syria, incidents such as the downing of a russian jet last month can be avoided. world powers meet to tend conflict. as rio de janeiras rosiland jor. >> definitive plan to stop the fighting and restore the peace. the russian president said on friday he's on board. >> translator: we'll basically support the u.s. on drafting a u.n. security council on syria. it is the blueprint that the
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secretary of state arrived in moscow. >> but putin is a long time supporter of bashar al-assad. the u.n. community can't decide who will run the country. another part of the issue, what organization will join the talk. >> el news ra nusra should not e join the talks. i hope we can all agree. >> he has to leave before transitional government takes power. u.s. secretary of state kerry sed assad's position is not predetermined. >> that is not the position of the international syria support group. it is not basis of the geneva communique, it is not the basis
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of the u.n. opposition. >> officials say they are forging ahead nonetheless. >> the i smptsg may have or has a differenssg says there are st. >> as long as people feel unrepresented by their governments then you'll just have a constant insurgency until you really get a political solution. >> reporter: while there is a sense of urgency to end the civil war, the reality is that the parties may not be ready to do so. rosiland jordan, al jazeera, washington. >> our diplomatic editor james baibaste spoke to dreeive. desc.
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zarif. >> talks between the syrian government and the syrian opposition, i've been speaking to one of those taking part, mohammed javad zarif. he has doubts about the names of some of those attending the talks. >> we believe that card-carrying members of al qaeda do not satisfy the conditions that we set for members of the opposition in vienna. i believe opposition to be serious. and it should be inclusive. so that they could engage in a serious talk.
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we have supported this process. we actually suggested a national unity government a long time ago and we hope that this can, in fact, become a serious exercise including various opposition groups, not just one inclination within the opposition and at the same time, should exclude people with official affiliation with either daesh, georgi jabbad el r al qaeda. >> whether president assad can be involved in the future of syria, or any ongoing process, there's no agreement on that whatsoever. >> agreed to allow humanitarian
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aid into the embattled city of ta'izz. gerald tan has the latest. >> celebrations on the streets of adenmark the return of almost 260 fighters. southern resistance movement were freed in exchange for more than 300 houthi rebels. there we suffered aa lot. the houthis exercised all sort of abuses. we weren't entitled to a proper diet. >> it was hoped that a swap would reflect positively on u.n. peace talks in switzerland. perhaps it did. now agreed to allow desperately needed aid into the contested
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city of ta'izz. fighting has continued here and in mareb. in a statement he called it, quote, a major step forward that will ensure immediate action to alleviate the human suffering of the yemeni people. it is estimated that four out of fight people in yemen require aid. the situation is more acute for the sick. doctors at this cancer clinic are worried they will run out of medicine. >> they need help and support so we can fulfill our duties to take care of them. >> the conflict has killed 6,000 people since march. half of them civilians. gerald tan, al jazeera.
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are appealing for more international support to fight i.s.i.l. osama ben javad sent this report from a peshmerga base in the town near mahmour. >> it is a symbolically victorious day for the forces near mahmour. many were killed including the brother of abu bakr al-baghdadi. they say most of the captured military equipment is u.s. made which i.s.i.l. stole from the iraqi army. the whrear is hardware is amer.
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these are some of the symbols that they have captured during fighting but i.s.i.l. still remains strong in other areas on the outskirts of various peshmerga strongholds. i.s.i.l. has carried out many coordinated attacks. peshmerga forces say they have repelled several i.s.i.l. attacks. armored ve vehicle bombs followd by bulldozers. >> peshmerga and the coalition which fought for the iraqi military already have a plan to
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liberate mosul from daesh. >> they are helped by coalition air strikes and some volunteers but don't seem to be enough to win a war against a more sophisticated and well equipped enemy. >> holding the line, defeating daesh and they're holding the line for west. it is now time west starts doing more than air support. they must be crushed here for humanity, it's that simple. >> reporter: but the competing interests of international powers involved in this conflict, defeating daesh means far from simple. osama ben javad, al jazeera, r. >> paul gegani has led rwanda since his tutsi rebel army led
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the 1994 genocide. the u.n. top rights body says it will investigate serious human rights violations, 400 people have been killed there since april. president pierre nkurunziza. mohammad adow is live in the capital bujumbura. mohammed. >> well jane, the african union say they are working on the final communique. the wordings of the communique in which the security council discuss the situation in burundi and agreed to deploy 5,000 policemen and military officers to burundi to -- and that their
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main mandate will be civilian protection. there is concern after last friday's killings of almost 100 people in the capital bujumbura, some of them executed, that this country is sliding back to civil war and the main mandate of this force will be to protect civilians. and the au is saying it doesn't want to see another genocide happening in the african continent. >> once the proposal is passed at the african union burundi has 96 hours to respond. how do you think they are likely to respond? >> reporter: well so far burundi has been reacting to proposals from the united nations for the deployment of foreign forces in burundi. they say that is not an idea that they will agree to. we don't know how it will be reacting to the african union proposal, and once it becomes a
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decision of the peace and security council, we have spoken to the foreign minister who told us that they have not been contacted by the au, they have not been informed of this position and they say they will make their comments known once they have received word from the african union. however, in the instance that burundi refuses to accept these troops, the act of the african union, chapter four, allows the african union to intervene in a member country if the lives of civilians are at risk. >> thank you for that, mohammad adow reporting live from bujumbura. still to come on the progr program, chris 10 la gard is to stand trial for a trorvel payment, coming up.
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>> hello again i'm jane dutton with a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. foreign minister are meeting in new york later to discuss the war in syria. they're trying to arrange direct cause of action between syria and the opposition. still, little agreement on key issues. houthi rebels swapped hundreds of prisoners with fighters of the southern
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resistance movement, loyal to abd rabbu mansour hadi. at least 400 people have been killed in politically related violence since april. the head of the united nations is promising action after a damning report on child sex allegations. a u.n. investigation into central african republic found the organization failed to act on gross institutional failures. gabriel elizondo has more. >> when french troops were accused of raping six young boys, the u.n. failed the very people they were sent there to protect. according to a highly anticipated every 100 page long independent report commissioned by the u.n. secretary-general, ban ki-moon, the united nations
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and its agencies grossly mishandled those allegations. the report states that instead of following up on allegations of child rape, the claims went from doas desk to desk, inbox to inbox with no one willing to take responsibility. >> leaves most victims unattended and vulnerable. >> reporter: scathing criticism reaches many high officials around the world. current high commissioner of human rights, according to ban ki-moon's chief of staff all came under criticism. >> ban ki-moon has been saying he has zero tolerance for sexual
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abuse, but this report shows that has less reality. >> what is the secretary-general plan to do to make sure that those systemic failures are not taking place in some of the other 15 countries where the u.n. has peace keepers? >> the panel makes it clear that we need to take a new approach to sexual exploitation abuse. to ensure that it is also seen very much through the lens of human rights violations. not just of misconduct by troops. that we need to align the two mandates. >> the problems and shortcomings of the united nations have now been laid bare for everyone to see. as the report itself states, if there is no follow-through or action it could only exacerbate the perception by some that the u.n. is more concerned about rhetoric than action.
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gabriel elizondo al jazeera at the united nations. >> let's bring in melanie o'brien, alliance us live from brisbane. the ultimate abuse being abused by the people who are supposed to look after you. why do you think it's so rampant? >> absolutely. and that's the biggest problem because peace keepers are charged with looking after civilians and when it comes to sexual exploitation and abuse they are breaching that trust they have to have with the civilians. in terms of the number of allegations that they've had, the number of allegations has dropped from about ten years ago, when there was almost 400 allegations in one year and we've dropped to below 100 but that's still too many. and i think it comes from a culture of militarism an masculinity, that we have in peace keeping operation he, it tarts with the member states.
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it doesn't even start with the u.n, but the with member states, how they ought to be training their military not to be behaving like this. >> why is there such reluctance to take action, when they find there is abuse? i know you're familiar with the name shame technique. >> yes i am. i really hope ban ki-moon he says he is going to start naming and shaming countries. i hope he is a man of his word. by not naming countries that have personnel that have committed sexual exploitation and abuse, it is not transparent and the public can't pressure those countries to take action. that leaves us in a situation where those countries can repatriate their soldiers and do nothing about it. absolutely they need to be named and shamed. >> truly if you know who it is
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shouldn't they be removed immediately? >> absolutely. and the u.n. has been taking that action. but as the furthest that the u.n. can go is to repatriate someone back to their home country. it is the responsibility of sending states to ensure that there is accountability for their own nationals for misconduct of any kind and especially sexual exploitation and abuse. >> let's hope it works, mel 9 o'brien, thank you so much. turn down duncan lewis warns that the backlash against muslims is a danger to national security. andrew thomas reports. >> it should be a special day out, after taking her mother out to a musical, ahma fahmy was
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subject to abuse. >> one of them narrowly missed my head and another one hit the car next to alice and the glass shattered. >> similar stories are becoming common as muslims in australia say they are being abused by those who blame islam as a faith. its rhetoric in so-called antiterror laws are what is said to legitimize abuse. the controversial group one the government considered banning held a conference recently, where it said a security program was targeting muslims and ogovernment deradicallization program was a sham. >> deradicalization has come to mean make muslims less islamic. it is nothing more than an agenda of forced assimilation justified by exaggerated fears
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of a security threat. >> speakers lined up to voice their concerns. there are five or 600 people here sharing stories of harassment and anti-muslim prejudice. the message is one ever isolationism, there is an us and a them. cooperating with government intelligence agencies was outright forbidden. approach is part of the problem. many are concerned that too many innocent muslims are being caught up in a dragnet. at mel borne airport omar was stopped from getting on a plane. he said he was going to attend the hajj pilgrimage then to visit an ailing grandmother. the government cancelled his
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passport. authorities thought shandab was heading the way of syria. >> it's the harassment of innocents. >> in the wake of attacks like those in paris the overwhelming majority of australians say they want more surveillance and action but not less. getting the balance right is not easy. andrew thomas, al jazeera, sydney. beijing has issued another red alert for air pollution. emergency measures to close schools and limit car use have been imposed. the head of the international monetary fund said she will really against an order to stand trial in france, christine lagarde, when she was the french finance minister,
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lagarde could spend a year in prison if convicted. >> the executive board of the imf said they expressed confidence in the managing director's innocence. ironically he is in a socialist government and lagarde hirs who served as finance minister in the conservative government of nicholas sarkozy has accused the socialists of trying to smear her in this campaign. which involved a compensation payout to a former minister and prominent businessman bernard tapis, coming out of public funds. and lagarde is accused of having
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referred this to an arbitration panel which found in his favor and this provoked an outcry in france because of the huge payment of public funds. mauricio macri is delivering on his campaign promises, but he has been accused of benefiting the rich and not the poor. as teresa vo reports. >> mauricio macri has been argentina's president for one week and there are already thousands on the streets protesting against his policy. >> the government is benefiting the rich and not the poor. this is a protest to tell the new president we are on alert. >> reporter: macri has started to unraffle osystem of currency controls. to unen do controls implemented
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by his predecessorsor. the currency is part of economic overhaul he says is needed to jump start the economy. affected by high inflation and lack of growth. mauricio macri, those who support the policies of former president cristina kirchner. talk more inflation and hurt the working class. economies say the government will have to take further measures to help the country's most vulnerable. >> translator: for middle class sectors they are announcing some tax refinements to help the poor. >> also named two supreme court judges by not going through the
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usual channels. senator fredrico pinedo says the new president is not afraid of opposition. >> our government is not going to be a neoliberal government. we are proposing agreements between labor unions and companies. we are proposing to continue to take care of prices. we are going to protect those who need us the most. >> reporter: but argentina's economic collapse in 2001 continues to be very present in this country. that's why many are wary about the consequences that mauricio macri's radical changes will bring about. teresa vo, al jazeera, buenos aires. >> country is celebrating national day. the military parade has been held in the capital doha, where
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sosoldiers, tanks and fighter js included the country's emir. declared its independence in 1971. >> this week on talk to al jazeera best selling author mitch albom. >> i use death to ricochet your attention back on to life. >> albom's latest novel is "the magic strings of frankie presto", a tale about the greatest guitarist to ever live and the lives he changes. the writer's first dream was to be a musician. >> i didn't write anything until i was already well into my twenties, cause everything i wanted to do was based around music. >>